Three Questions Financial Advisors Hear the Most
There are some questions that are asked frequently by clients. If our clients are asking them, then it means that others are likely wondering the same thing. Here are the three most common asked questions:
This is the number one universal question. No matter age, income, or financial stability, everyone asks this question. To answer this, we like to suggest the 50/30/20 budgeting rule. What this means is to simply divide your take-home pay into three categories to provide a framework for how that money should be allocated. With this model, half of your money goes toward “needs,” for example mortgage, utilities or insurance. Thirty percent is allocated toward discretionary spending such as taking a vacation or going out to eat. The final 20 percent is what you should be saving.
In addition to how much to save, it is important to consider where that money is saved. As we’ve seen from the impact of the COVID-19, it is important to have an emergency fund for an unexpected crisis. Beyond a pandemic, this could be due to a sudden job loss or injury. It’s vital to have between three to six months’ worth of expenses saved to cover you during this time.
In addition, this portion of your budget should be used for saving for the future. We suggest investing in a retirement plan such as a company-sponsored 401(k) or an IRA. Don’t forget, if your salary increases, you should also increase how much you are contributing to those accounts.
To determine how much is needed to retire, a good rule of thumb is to aim to have 75-80 percent of your current salary available annually in retirement. We suggest creating a financial plan with your advisor. This financial plan is a living, breathing document that adjusts as life changes, and helps ensure you are on track to meet your goals. Once in retirement, there is a need to shift from an earning mentality to the mindset that you are living on a fixed income and only have X amount of dollars to last the rest of your life. Rather than spend on frivolous items, the goal is to make this money last. There are expenses that may increase in future years, such as healthcare, so it’s essential to be prepared in retirement.
It’s best to go back to the basics. Literally track ALL of your spending for a month so you can see with your own eyes how much you spend each month rather than assuming how much is being spent. We often have a good sense of how much big expenses like the mortgage, insurance and car payment total each month, but smaller items like going out to eat, monthly subscriptions and online purchases can add up. When we have clients do this and physically write down their expenses on paper, they often come back and say they had no idea they were spending so much.
In this case, ignorance is not bliss. It is hard to achieve your financial goals without a budget and you can’t create an accurate budget if you are not aware of how much you are spending. After reviewing your spending habits, create a budget that builds in savings for long and short-term goals. For example, if cutting back on Starbucks over the course of a year means it’s possible to make a special purchase, skipping your latte may be worth it. Remember to review your budget and spending habits at least quarterly to ensure you are on track or evaluate where to make adjustments.
This article is for general information purposes only and is not intended to provide legal, tax, accounting or financial advice. The information in this article, and any opinions expressed therein, do not constitute a recommendation or an offer to buy or sell any security or financial instrument. Viewers should consult with their financial and/or legal professionals before making any financial decisions.